Bela Krajina strand is one of autochthonous breeds of sheep raised for further breeding. It was named after region on southeast of Slovenia. It has been bred on both sides of river Kolpa, especially in the mountainous and Karst areas of Bela Krajina, where farming conditions are still very bad. This breed is still the most numerous one in Slovenia, widespread in the area of Adlešič, Črnomelj and Vinica. Bela Krajina strand is modest and resistant sheep, also well adjusted to rocky Karst pastures. Sheep of this kind weights around 50 kg, rams a bit more, but only in rare cases their weight exceeds 65 to 70 kg. Types of animals are also different according to the place where these are bred. In the lowlands those are bigger than on Karst terrain, where their weight does not reach 45 kg.
Their wool is long and fringed, which provides good protection against cold and rain. Most of the breeders shear wool once a year, usually late in summer. Wool of this breed is not the most suitable for further processing, because products made out of it are very rough. Most common color of animals is white with a few typical black spots and dots on the head, and more of them on legs. Black spots are less common on places covered with wool. Long fringed wool is also covering their tail, which is nearly reaching ground. Rams have extremely large horns, which are wrapping around with time. Much shorter horns could also be present on ewes, but this is not general case.
The most important goal with Bela Krajina strand is preservation of breed and their unique characteristics. Special attention is paid to the prevention of mating among related sheep. Breeders are also putting extra attention and work to keep their disease and drought resistance good, temperament lively, keep easy lambing with strongly expressed maternal instincts and longevity despite poor farming conditions.
Breeders decide for this breed because of its modesty and flexibility to Karst terrain. Sheep are mostly being grazed on pastures near the home. Sheep are well suited to rocky pastures, so those are excellent to prevent overgrowth and thus prevent fires in the dry Karst terrain. Bela Krajina strand heavily appreciated among local breeders because of their excellent adaptability to poor farming conditions and good quality of meat.