Village Ustje is located in upper Vipava valley, at the confluence of rivers Vipava and Hubelj and at the foot of Vipava humps. The village has about 400 residents. The settlement rises along southeast slope of the hill, on top of which stand church of St. Janez and reaches altitude 147 meters. In a time of Austria-Hungary monarchy, pine forest was planted on a northwest slope, which protects the village against bora. On the western and southwestern side are the slopes with vineyards. In the vicinity of the village are interesting deposits of fossils, in this area the fossil collector Stanislav Bačar found two samples, found for the first time in the world, named – Nummulites ustjensis (after Ustje) and Nummulites vipavensis (after Vipava valley). Vipava valley cadges in cold continental and Karst world, but nevertheless the weather here is very mild. The residents live mostly from agriculture, viticulture, livestock, craftwork and work in factories in Ajdovščina.
The village got its name most likely by the nearby mouth of the rivers Vipava and Hubelj. Second most likely explanation attributes the name of the village after parishioner patron St. Just, to whom in the year 1766 parish church was dedicated, as the first name of the village was Justje. Patron Just was rare in Slovenia, this shows the connection of the village with Trieste, where St. Just resides. The local name of the village occurs in the year 1401 in Trieste medieval sources, at the death of some Hermacor (Mohor) de Ustia.
The oldest preserved monument in the village is the church of St. Janez with the year 1619, which is written on a portal of the entrance door. The most black day of the village is August 8th, 1942, time of WWII. On that day the Italian soldiers of Alpine division Giulia burned the village to the ground while shooting eight hostages. Tragical seeing of the event was written in the novel Judgment day in the village (si. Sodni dan na vasi) by Ajdovščina doctor and writer Dr. Danilo Lokar. The monument below the village reminiscent of this event, residents mark August 8th as their own local holiday. The settlement flourished in the time of Austria-Hungary monarchy, all the way to the year 1914 when in Europe starts the Big war. As it was a habit at that time, village boys and men had to leave their homes and fight for the emperor, as well as to die, in the trenches of Russia and Carpathian mountains. In the year 1915 bitter steel started to intersect in the immediate vicinity, Soča front. That is how the village found its self in fear of immediate front hinterland. After the war follows the era of shortage, renovations, and disappointment such expected freedom.
The village found its self in the fear again in the year 1991, in time of ten-day war for Slovenia, when village boys again dressed their military uniforms. But not Austrian as their grandfathers, Italian as their fathers and Yugoslav as their older brothers, but Slovenian. In a time of war, the Yugoslav peoples’ army (si. JLA – Jugoslovanska ljudska armada) tanks roared through the village on their ingloriously way towards Rožna dolina and other border crossings at Gorica. Residents of village Ustje ”cheered” them on their bridge at village oak.
|See other villages in Slovenia!|
Ostri vrh is located above settlement Gaberje in the middle of Vipavska Brda. It is 422 meters high elevation with a beautiful view on entire Vipava and Gorica valley, as well as on Karst plateau to the sea. It is the most popular hiking point of the villages. On the top, there is a bench, enrollment book and cross. [_Read more_]