Sežana is a city in Slovenia and economic, transport, educational, cultural and medical centre of Slovenian Karst. City is the seat of municipality Sežana, administrative units and parishes Sežana. Together with its hinterland Sežana has about 14.000 inhabitants.
The area of the city has been inhabited since prehistoric times, what suggests a fort on the hill Tabor. Place is first mentioned in writing in year 1086, when brother a of Aquileia patriarch Uldrik, Henrik, donated numerous estates to monastery Rosazzo – including village Cesano (Sežano).
Sežana was a long time only irrelevant Karst village. Its importance increased in 18th and 19th century – in year 1713 the counts Petači (after whom the farmers burned the castle Završnik in Vremska valley) transferred the seat of its administration to Sežana and the city became administrative centre of the region. After the completion of the road between Vienna and Trieste at the beginning of 18th century, many carters’ inns and stables were built. Large cattle fairs lasted till WWII. Sežana experienced the fastest development after arrival of southern railway on the route Vienna – Trieste after year 1857, which increased the flow of goods and trade volume. Great credit for the construction of railways through Sežana goes to Karl Polley, who also became quite rich with the construction.
Sežana was under Austria-Hungary one of the districts in the province of Austrian primorje. In year 1870 was in Sežana an important camp.
After WWI city of Sežana went under Italian competence. After the liberation in years from 1945 to 1947, Sežana with surroundings falls under the administration of the English army. In 1947 it was finally conceited to Yugoslavia and in year 1952 became a town.
LOCATION OF THE CITY
Sežana lies along the road and railway between Ljubljana and Trieste, from which it breaks towards Nova Gorica, near Italy. The city is from the north side surrounded by hills Tabor (484 m) and Lenivec (464 m), on the east side with Malo (489 m), Velika planina (551 m), Sedovnik (575 m), Sablanica , Hrbčič and Bršljanovec. The oldest part of the city consists of former village centre, namely: Gradišče at the foot of Tabor, Britof by parish church St. Martin, village Vidmašče under Lenivec and by the main road through the city.
In the context of coastal region is Sežana important economic centre, in the city are operating some of the leading Slovenian companies and larger number of small farms, which are offering the employment of residents of surrounding towns (Postojna, Ilirska Bistrica, Divača, Kozina, Komen, …). The city is beautifully landscaped and offers the visitor the impression of a larger city, the infrastructure of the buildings is distinctly urban type.
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Botanical garden Sežana
Sežana Botanical garden is located in the middle of Sežana. It is planted with plants from different parts of the world and Karst. Botanic garden is protected as a horticultural monument and one of the nature formed monument, which carfully address parts of the natural heritage. [_Read more_]
City park at Stari grad
City park at Stari grad was thoroughly renovated in 2010. From preserved park maps, from the begining of 19th century, they concluded that park’s basic feature was not entertainment, but economic needs. By the plans from year 1824 are visible surfaces of the economic garden, meadows and fields. [_Read more_]
Space for fairs was on Lužešču, where today is a memorial park in front of the court house. In park is now a small monument to the fallen and statue of the national hero Albert Gruden. When in year 1892, next to the pond, they built the court, they moved the fairgrounds at the base of Tabor behind the church. [_Read more_]
Military graveyard in Sežana
Military graveyard is from times of WWI. 241 soldiers of Austria-Hungary are buried here, who had fallen between years 1915 and 1917 on Karst battlefield. Besides the soldiers of Austrian nationality are here buried also Hungarians, Czechs and Russian war prisoners. [_Read more_]
Water reservoir for the Southern Railway
Hundreds of kilometers away a man could go, hundreds of days he had to walk or sail, he knew how to survive all changgeable traps, which were being set by the nature, if only he got this basic means for survival – water. Karst is a such landscape, which the nature did not give enough liquid water. [_Read more_]
Church of St. Martin
The church was built in year 1509, but in year 1673 it was rebuilt and newly built. It was paved with stone slabs, covered with stne and hid, with wooden choir, which stood on four stone pillars. The church was being rebuilt and resized in year 1878 and the next year was blessed by the local priest Joseph Koman. [_Read more_]