Grmada on Karst

 

Grmada on Karst

Grmada (it. Monte Ermada) is a 323 meters high elevation in Trieste Karst. In the south, it rises between Devin and Sesljan, and in the north if flows into Brestoviški dol. The elevation was very important during the WWI, due to its strategic location, as the Austro-Hungarian defense line run through the elevation, which was consolidated in 1916 after 6th and 8th Soča battle.

After the victory of the Italians, the Habsburg army had to withdraw from the slopes in the vicinity of Trieste (Monfalcone) and, therefore, deployed its troops on Grmada and the surrounding hills. This arrangement was not a coincidence, but a consequence of the choices of a strategic and practical nature. From here, the Habsburgs could control Brestoviški dol and the passage to Trieste (the Habsburg city, owned by the Italians).

Since the Karst plateau was covered with valleys, the passages between the rocks and natural caves, it was perfect for the needs of the army during WWI. Therefore, in this area, the Austrians built trenches, positions, and shelters for soldiers. With this, a new defensive line was created and unsurmountable for the Italians. The Austro-Hungarian army blocked all the attacks by the Italian Third Army between the 8th and 10th Soča battle, despite the fact that the Austro-Hungarian army had fewer soldiers.

 

The peak of Grmada
On the top

 

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Karst cave Brstovci/Trščica/Greščica
The cave is located between villages Brestovica pri Komnu and Vojščica on the hill Grmada and has three names. In village Brestovica pri Komnu it is called Brstovci, in village Sela na Krasu Trščica and in Vojščica they call it Greščica. It is about 20 meters deep. [_Read more_]


Vojščica
Vojščica is typical Karst village with some preserved Karst homesteads and wells. It is located southeast from Kostanjevica, in municipality Miren-Kostanjevica, in vicinity of Slovenia-Italian state border. In the middle of the village is church St. Vid, which was erected between years 1924 and 1928. [_Read more_]

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