Vipavski križ

 

Vipavski križ

Vipavski Križ is a settlement on the hump in the middle of the Vipava valley with an altitude of 183 meters. They say it is a pearl in the heart of Vipava valley. In this part bora is very strong, as individual thrusts exceed the speed of 200 km/h, but despite that the elevation is, since the olden days, appealing for stay. It has a dominant location in province and a good view of the valley, what gives this place a great importance in times of migration of peoples, Turkish raids, religious movements and political breaks. In the vicinity, in the times of Antiquity, the important Roman road ran from Aquileia over Hrušica towards Ljubljana. Much later a road led through here, which was connecting Trnovo plateau with Trieste.

Vipavski Križ used to be important administrative center with city rights and jurisdiction and its own city guard. At the end of feudalism its power dried up. Only quiet views of old glory and talkative memories remain.

The view from the village

Most of the buildings in settlement Vipavski Križ are protected monuments, the settlement itself belongs among historically most interesting places in Vipava area, at the same time it belongs among most beautiful historical monuments in Slovenia. Houses inside the settlement are due to the limitations of the wall compressed in the shelter of the castle and the wall itself. The oldest part of the settlement has narrow streets with one or two storey houses, which were later due to the fires rebuilt. Because of that, not much original Gothic elements were preserved. Counts Thurni and later the Attems, who have long resided in the castle, left their mark.

Settlement was in year 2015 fully environmentally rebuilt, at the opening of renewed Križ the Vipava Križ for a day dressed into Medieval image, at the same time they organized a market day. Today are under the Local community Vipavski Križ united residents of settlements Vipavski Križ, Plače and Male Žablje.

THE NAME

Until the year 1955 the settlement was named Sveti Križ (en. Holy Cross), the name, which the locals are still using often. Into name Vipavski Križ was renamed on the basis of Law of appointing the settlement and labelling of markets, streets and buildings from year 1948. Based on this they renamed many other places around Slovenia, among extensive campaign of the government was also the renaming of Sveti Križ, to remove all religious elements from toponyms of Slovenian places.

HISTORY

Vipavski Križ was mentioned for the first time in a document from 13th century, the duke Bernard Koroški donated the settlement Villa Crucis to the abbey in Rožac near Čedad on November 29th 1252. But despite that, the settlement became important only at the end of 15th century, after successful attack of Turkish army on Gorica. In year 1483 last Gorica count erected a mighty fort for the defence of Vipava valley and Gorica, which at time was developing into an important central European center. Because he wanted to increase the military power of the fort, in year 1507 the emperor granted the commercial rights, in year 1532 he raised the settlement into the city. With that townspeople were freed from forced labour, in return they had to maintain their own army, which was defending the city up until the WWI, when it was sent to the Soča front.

The wall of the fort was providing the city the safety, at the same time it limited the development and soon the settlement ran out of living space. At first the residents solved the problem with the extension of houses into storeys, so the extension was leaning on vaults or transverse beams. After the year 1636, when the wall was not needed anymore, they leaned the houses on it. That is how they built a double set of houses at the eastern part and a longer set at southern part of the wall. In year 1636 they built the Capuchin monastery, in which preacher Janez Svetokriški lived. In monastery, which is almost four hundred years old, is a rich monastery library. Until WWI famous Križ guard had an active role in the city. In year 1885 they arranged a primary school in the northern wing of the castle. In one of the buildings they arranged the Home of local residents, where different general and gallery activities take place.

 

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